Drawings by Mel Bartels

See my sketches of Integrated Flux Nebulae

See my sketches of dark nebulae

Orion-Eridanus Super Bubble, SH2-245, SH2-264 and the southern arc of Barnard's Loop.

Cone Nebula, Christmas Tree cluster. Best view was with the 13mm Ethos and UHC filter at 1.1 deg FOV and 90x. The view at lower power with the 21mm Ethos and 1.8 deg FOV at 55x showed more of the surrounding nebulosity but made the Cone too small and indistinct. At the lower power, the NPB filter worked best. Without a filter, the Cone was hardly there.

SH2-308, a Wolf-Rayet shell

The Pleiades Bubble

IC443, the Jellyfish Nebula

The HorseHead Nebula area (IC434)

Abell 12, a faint planetary almost touching Mu Orionis

The 'Ring' of Betelgeuse is broken into clumpy dark nebulae with B36 the dominant feature on the western side as a long diagonal streak. There are offshoots to the northwest, one leading to B35. The arced bell to the north of Betelgeuse is clumpy and splotchy. The long curved section to the south of Betelgeuse is beautiful - subtle, mottled, striated.

The Flying Bat and Giant Squid. The Flying Bat is the huge arc to the left of the field and the Giant Squid is the bipolar nebula in the middle of the field. They are known as SH2-129 and OU4. The red carbon star is V419 Cephei.

The Draco Dwarf Galaxy proved very difficult and fairly confusing: difficult because it was so faint and confusing because of the brighter nearby IFN! In the end though a rewarding view. The galaxy, comprised of old stars, is thought to be one of the most dark matter dominated known.

The Blue horsehead nebula, IC4592 and IC 4601.

Leo Triplet (M65, M66, NGC 3628) with IFN. This is a simply beautiful view, the large galaxies with their dusky gray to nearly white hues with the IFN encircling the galaxy trio. For decades I've enjoyed the trio, yet simply failed to notice subtle changes in the foreground glow. I also managed to glimpse portions of NGC 3628's tidal extension that reaches to the IFN. A Skyglow filter helped with the IFN, but dimmed the galaxies.

With my 10.5 inch [27cm] f2.7 Richest Field Telescope, placing the Lagoon Nebula, M8 and the Trifid Nebula, M20, in the same 2.5 degree field of view reveals a curved bridge between the two.

Because the field of view is spread over 100 degrees of apparent angle, detail is enhanced. Albireo is especially pretty with pinpoint star images from center to edge. A swoosh of nebulosity lies at the bottom of the field of view.


The Perseus Double Cluster has a wall of nebulosity to one side with a patch of nebulosity to the west side.


There’s a dust belt to the west side of M42, the Orion Nebula with Barnard’s Loop curving to the east and below.


Though well known, it’s rare to see this much detail in the Veil Nebula in a single field of view.

And the California Nebula is framed nicely in the 4+ degree field of view.


The 'Dark River' leading pouring from the North American Nebula


North of Albireo is the supernova remnant G65.3 5.7


Very faint nebulae in Orion's Belt


SH2-264 (Lambda Orionis)


SH2-245, the Fish Hook


The Witchhead nebula with my 6 inch F2.8


The Seagull Nebula


Comet Hergenrother Oct 7, 2012, Cottage Grove Lake, 13 inch [34cm] f3.0

Hoag's Object, a ring galaxy, 20 inch, I could see the ring about 20% of the time with an eyepiece yielding a 4mm exit pupil

The Elephant's Trunk, 20 inch at 4mm exit pupil with OIII filter

The Garnet Star

The Gegenshein to the northeast (left) of Capricornus with the Milky Way to the northwest (right)